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Manuscript Preparation:  Style and Form

Types of Articles

Original Research Papers to report results of original research not previously published or submitted in peer-reviewed scientific journal.  The manuscript should contain detailed separate sections in the following order:  TITLE PAGE, ABSTRACT, KEYWORDS, INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS AND DISCUSSION (separate or combined), CONCLUSIONS, ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (optional), REFERENCES and ARABIC SUMMARY.

Review Articles The journal can publish invited review articles by prominent scientists, requested by the chief editor and the editorial board.  Topics are to be carefully selected and for the purpose of advancing the research and development functions of the Desert Research Center.

Short Communications are reports of experiments limited to testing original hypothesis. They must contain TITLE, INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS AND DISCUSSION, and REFERENCES, but not in separate sections.

Technical Notes is a concise but complete description of limited investigation of technical aspects. Manuscript should be completely documented, containing TITLE, SHORT ABSTRACT, REFERENCES, TABLES, FIGURES, but not in separate sections.

Special Issues:  EJDR can publish in separate issues adjunct to a volume, or an entire volume as the case might be, a special issue reporting proceedings of conferences or results of integrated research and development case studies and the like.

Manuscript Preparation

Manuscripts must be written in standard British or American English throughout, should be typed as a MS Word document. The automatic page numbering function should be used to number the pages in the center bottom. Unless otherwise indicated, manuscripts should be type-written using Times New Roman font, size 12 normal throughout the manuscript.

Abbreviations should be kept to minimum. They must be defined at first use. They should not be used to begin a sentence. Author defined abbreviations are not to be used in tables and figures unless defined in the table heading or as footnote or in the figure caption.

SI units should be used throughout and should be used in a standard manner throughout the manuscript.

 1. The Manuscript, should be arranged in the order of Title, Authors' names with affiliations and complete addresses and e-mail, ABSTRACT, KEYWORDS, INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS AND DISCUSSION (separate or combined), CONCLUSIONS, ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (optional), REFERENCES and ARABIC SUMMARY.

 2. Title Page, includes, across the top of the page, a running title that should be as brief as possible but informative and descriptive. This should be followed in order but on separate lines, by the article’s title, Authors’ names, complete affiliations of authors and their postal and e-mail addresses. The corresponding author should be identified. 

 3. The main title, Times New Roman font should be used throughout with the main title in capital letters size 14 bold, authors' names in size 12 bold, authors' addresses in size 12 normal, and for the Arabic summary Arabic transparent font size 14 normal should be used.

 4. Abstract, both English (not exceeding 250 words) and Arabic (not exceeding 300 words) should state, a summary of the pertinent results with statistical evidence (p values) in a brief but understandable form, beginning with a statement of the objectives and ending with conclusions.

 5. Keywords, should be included at the end of the abstract (4-6 keywords or phrases) for indexing purposes, and should be typed in lowercase letters and separated by commas. Do not include words already in the title.

 6.  Introduction, should contain a brief justification for conducting the research, background, and the objectives.

 7. Materials and Methods, must contain a clear description of the experimental protocol, and a description or specific original reference for all analytical, biological and statistical procedures, and explanation of modifications.  Appropriate statistical methods should be used, although the biology should be emphasized.

 8. Results and Discussion, separate or combined, Results are presented in the form of tables or figures when feasible. The text should explain or elaborate on the tabular data, but numbers should not be repeated within the text. Discussion contains the authors’ interpretations of the results of the study. The presentation should be clear and concise, address biological mechanisms and their significance and integrate the research findings with the body of previously published literature. A stand-alone discussion should not refer to any tables or figures.

 9. Headings and Subheadings, should be typed on separate lines without indentation. Three classes of headings and subheadings are used within the text of the manuscript:

  • Major headings: use size 12 bold that are centered and uppercase such as MATERIALS AND METHODS.
  • All subheadings are left aliened.               
  • First subheadings: use size 11 bold and the first letter of words are capitalized.
  • Second subheadings: use 11 bold and the first letter of the first word is capitalized.

 10.  Tables, should be numbered according to their sequence and self-
explanatory with a brief title. Any explanation essential to understand the table should be given as a footnote at the bottom of the table. Abbreviations used in the table should be spelled out in the footnotes and being consistent with those used in the text. Superscript letters should be used for statistical analyses within the body of the table, or p values should be indicated.

11. Figures, Charts, Diagrams, Photographs and Map should be referred to as "Figures", identified and serially numbered in the lower front side according to their sequence in the text. Data points should be identified with symbols. When the legend is a part of the figure, it should appear outside the figure itself. Figures should be high quality (1200 dpi for line art, 600 dpi for grayscale and 300 dpi for colour, at the correct size). Figures should be supplied in one of these file formats: EPS, PS, JPEG, TIFF.

Figures should not duplicate data in tables and should be submitted in separate files.

12. Acknowledgements, should be simply phrased and made to people or entities that have assisted technically and/or financially in the formulation, planning and execution of the research endeavor and preparation of the manuscript.

13. References, should be presented in a list of references at the end of the manuscript for all publications cited in the text. List of references should be arranged in an alphabetical order and chronological within an alphabet.

The following are example reference citations:

Journal articles

Lane, M.A., R.L. Baldwin and B.W. Jesse (1999). Sheep rumen metabolic development in response to different dietary treatments. Journal of Dairy Science, 78: 1151-1163.


Evans, L.T., I.F. Wardlaw and R.A. Fischer (1999). In "Crop Physiology: Some Case Histories". (Evans L.T., ed.). Cambridge University Press, London, p. 101-151.

Snedecor, R. L. and G. Mickel (1996). In "Introduction to Quantitative Genetics ". 2nd edition, Longman, New York, 339 pp.

Conference proceedings

Van der Werf, J.H.J. (1990). A note on the use of conditional models to estimate additive genetic variance in selected populations. Proceedings 4' World Congress of Genetic Applied Livestock Production, Edinburgh, Scotland, p. 476-479.

Web-sites publications

Available online: (check links prior to submission)

No more than three references should be needed in the text to support a specific contention. Reference to authors should be identified in the text as Anderson (1999), Smith and Robert (2000) and Clark et al. (2001). Multiple references might appear in the text parenthetically (e.g., Smith 1998, Anderson et al. 1999, and Jones 2000). References concerning unpublished data and "personal communication" should not be cited in the reference list but may be mentioned in the text.

Authors bear the sole responsibility for the correctness and completeness of the references in the text and the reference list.

Manuscript Submission

Papers that do not follow the form and style of the Journal will be returned to the corresponding author for revision. The EJDR editors bear neither obligation nor responsibility of correcting the language and style of submitted articles. Manuscripts that are not consistent with the style and form of EJDR will be rejected.

Authors should submit their manuscripts online.

NOTE: Manuscripts sent to authors for revision should be returned by e-mail within 2 weeks. The contact information of all authors must be provided.

Acceptance of the manuscript will be communicated to the Corresponding Author by e-mail.

As soon as the galley proof will be released, it must be corrected and returned within 3 days.

Submission of a manuscript (Journal article or Special Issue manuscript) implies that it has not been published before except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis). Also, it should be not being considered for publication anywhere else in any language; that its publication has been approved by all co-authors.

All rights are reserved; accepted articles become the copyright of EJDR.


Author Payment Details

The journal does not charge for submission and processing of the manuscripts. After acceptance, publishing charge of 1000 LE applies to publish an article in the journal and 600 LE publishing charge applies for Desert Research Center staff members. Payment should be made with credit card at Desert Research Center or via bank transfer to Central Bank of Egypt, account number 9/450/81629/3 code 12100201, Swift code CBEGEGCXXXX. 

Copyright policy

The journal allows the author(s) to hold the copyright, and to retain publishing rights without any restrictions.